Statistics of Mauritius

According to data from the Health Statistics Unit of the Ministry of Health and Quality of Life, cancer accounted for a total of 4 666 discharges ( including deaths) from hospitals in 2006. It was responsible for 11.9 % of mortality compared to 22.6 %, 21.7% and 9.3% for diabetes, heart diseases and cerebrovascular diseases respectively.

The Department of Radiotherapy at Victoria Hospital recorded a total of nearly 1000 new cases of cancer presenting to the public sector for the year 2009 with 19 682 outpatient attendences in the same year. National cancer Registry data show that the incidence of cancer is nearly 1,400cases per year with approximately 950 cancer deaths occurring each year.

The commonest sites of cancer, based on the latest report by the National Cancer Registry, are in males : Colon-rectum (14%), Prostate (10.5%), Oral cancer (8%) and Lung (9.6%). Among females, Breast cancer (38%) is the most prevalent site of cancer followed by cancer of the uterine cervix (10%), Colon-rectum (4.8%) and Ovaries (5.6%). Mean age for cancer incidence is 56.4 years in males and 59.7 years in females.

Between 2005 and 2008, there were 2286 new male cancer cases registered and 3280 new female cancer cases. Breast cancer in females accounted for a total of 1239 new cases and childhood cancers for 96 new cases during that period. There were 1950 male cancer deaths and 1900 female cancer deaths recorded between 2005-2008.

The table below shows the commonest cancers in both sexes (2005-2008).

Males Numbers %
Colon 320 14
Prostate 241 10.5
lung 220 9.6
Oropharynx 186 8.1
Lymphoma 192 8.4
Stomach 182 8
Bladder 112 4.9
Females Numbers %
Breast 1239 37.8
Cervix 334 10
Colon 159 4.8
Ovary 183 5.6
Uterus 166 5.0
Leukaemia 73 2.2