Cancer of the cervix also called cervical cancer, is the leading cancer amongst women in India. It is more common in the women of the rural areas.
Cancer is an unwanted purposeless and unchecked growth of any body tissue, with a capability of spreading to other areas. Most cervical cancers are squamous cell carcinomas. Squamous cells are thin, flat cells that form the surface of the cervix.
The cervix is the lower, narrow part of the uterus (womb). The uterus, a hollow, pear-shaped organ, is located in the lower abdomen. The cervix forms a canal that opens into the vagina, which leads to the outside of the body.
Researchers have identified certain risk factors that increase the chance that cells in the cervix will become abnormal or cancerous. Initiation of sexual intercourse before age 18, many sexual partners, early age of marriage, first pregnancy at an early age, four or more number of pregnancies and women with poor personal hygiene, have an increased risk of cervical cancer.
Women who have many sexual partners or whose partners have had many sexual partners may have an increased risk of cervical cancer at least in part because they are more likely to get a sexually transmitted virus. Scientists believe that some of these viruses may cause the growth of abnormal cells in the cervix and may play a role in cancer development.
Bleeding after sexual intercourse
Bleeding in between menses or post menopausal bleeding
Excessive white discharge (Leucorrhea)